This robot from Disney Research is able to track the balls throw at it and grab them using one hand. The action is very human-like. I can imagine future Disney movies will portray such robots instead of actors/actresses 🙂 .
Watch the video. BTW, if the robot misses the ball, it will look sad. Interesting.
Basically, it is using Kinect sensors to map the 3D environment. If you want to know more about how it works, follow the link.